Genera and species included in the Witch-Hazel family, Hamamelidaceae, are: Hamamelis- Witchhazel Liquidambar- Sweetgum. Although witch hazel has many common names, the generic name means “together with fruit,” which refers to the fact that this special tree is the only tree in North America to have flowers, ripe fruit and next year’s leaf buds on its branches at the same time. The leaves are alternately arranged, oval, 2–6 in (5.1–15.2 cm) long and 1–4 in (2.5–10.2 cm) broad, with a smooth or wavy margin. Click to enlarge. It is another recipient of the RHS Award of Garden Merit. [3] The main constituents of witch-hazel extract include calcium oxalate, gallotannins, safrole, and chemicals found in the essential oil (carvacrol, eugenol). [7], The Persian ironwood, a closely related tree formerly treated as Hamamelis persica, is now given a genus of its own, as Parrotia persica, as it differs in the flowers not having petals. Witch hazel can be planted in a mixed shrub border or used for height in the back of a perennial border. As an indigenous plant, common witch hazel rarely struggles with diseases or garden pests, making it a low maintenance choice in the garden. This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 04:34. It languished in nursery rows for years until it was noticed, propagated and put on the market in 1902.[9]. It is hardy in zones 3 to 8. Many people plant witch hazel in a location where they can enjoy not only its beauty but also its sweet aroma. Season of Interest: Winter (Nov - Mar) Main Color: Yellow. [4] H. virginiana blooms in September–November while the other species bloom from January–March. [5] Jacob George Strutt's 1822 book, Sylva Britannica attests that "Wych Hazel" was used in England as a synonym for wych elm, Ulmus glabra;[6] The use of the twigs as divining rods, just as hazel twigs were used in England, may also have,[citation needed] by folk etymology, influenced the "witch" part of the name. Hardiness Zones. Witch hazel soothes the pain and itch of bites, stings, sunburns, bruises and abrasions. Not quite a tree but more than a shrub, witch hazel has speckled gray bark, a slim trunk typically just a few inches in diameter, and a bushy top that ends well shy of 20 feet. Witch hazel. Witch-hazel flowers are remarkable thanks to their uniqueness and especially because they appear right in the middle of winter.. It has yellow blooms with red centers that appear in … Witch hazels are small trees/shrubs that grow 10 to 20 feet high and, sometimes, nearly as wide. Native shrubs are most often found in wooded areas along the east coast of North America, from Canada to Georgia. The main constituents of witch-hazel extract include calcium oxalate, gallotannins, safrole, and chemicals found in the essential oil (carvacrol, eugenol). [18], Hawes' process was further refined by Thomas Newton Dickinson, Sr., who is credited with starting the commercial production of witch hazel extract, also in Essex, Connecticut, in 1866, and eventually establishing nine production sites in eastern Connecticut. Commonly known as witch hazel, with its spicy fragrant, spidery flowers in shades of yellow, orange and red, Hamamelis brings colour and scent to your garden in winter. How to Water and Feed Witch Hazel . Growing witch hazel shrubs is a favorite amongst gardeners looking for winter color and fragrance. Erdelmeier, C. A. J. et al. 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