Latin America is blessed with an abundance of fresh water. Other Latin American countries are also experiencing renewed ... we are hosting a panel discussion on the water crisis in Latin America as part of a wider ... and have your say on issues … Brazil and Mexico continue to be the highest debtor countries with debt stock of USD 132.4 billion and USD 118.03 billion respectively by March 1995. The MENA countries contribute around $3.3 trillion in GDP every year, which accounts for about 4.5% of the world’s total economy. Most of the population in the MENA region concentrate in middle-income countries, which are home to about 60% of the world’s oil and 45% of the world’s natural gas, and therefore play an important role for the global economic outlook. According to the “political instability risk heat map” developed by The Economist Intelligence Unit , the preponderance of Latin American countries are at “moderate” or “high” risk of facing renewed volatility in 2020. Latin America is a region of the world that spans two continents, North America (including Central America and the Caribbean) and South America. Now the countries of Latin America are facing new, more complex tasks, which differ from the previous problems at least in two important aspects. The Struggle for Indigenous Rights in Latin America is a collection of seven separate country case studies and is the result of a 2003 conference at Cochabamba that discussed the diversity of indigenous struggles throughout the region. It includes 19 sovereign nations and one non-independent territory, Puerto Rico. In its most expansive sense, Latin American philosophy is philosophy produced in Latin America or philosophy produced by persons of Latin American ancestry who reside outside of Latin America. History of Latin America - History of Latin America - Challenges to the political order: The economic and social changes taking place in Latin America inevitably triggered demands for political change as well; political change in turn affected the course of socioeconomic development. Asian countries mix ‘Pyramid’ behaviour with other traits seemingly inconsistent with a hierarchical structure including consensus behaviour and always putting ‘family first’. The decline in social and economic inequality registered in many Latin American countries since the late 1990s coincided with a shift away from the politics of market-based structural adjustment and towards a political landscape in which the social problems of poverty and inequality play a prominent role. The subject countries are Guatemala, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, and Mexico. Resource-rich lands and waters across the region are increasingly exploited in the form of logging, ranching, agricultural and mining operations to meet the soaring demand for raw exports like oil and timber in the north. For example, uncertainty about the course of economic policy and reforms in Brazil and Mexico likely contributed to the slowdown in real GDP and investment growth in 2019. Latin American region. While much if not all of the region has emerged from low income status, neither growth nor productivity has increased sufficiently to enable Latin America to narrow the gap separating it from the world's most developed economies. There are many challenges ahead for Latin American countries, but luckily the region’s leaders have their feet on the ground. What are the main population challenges faced by Latin American countries in each stage of the demographic transition? 1 st Stage: higher birth rates and high death rates result in low rates of natural increase. Latin American MNCs have operations in 13 countries, on average. The following were the salient features of the problems being faced by the Latin-American countries with regard to their servicing of external debt: The 4th Edition of the Miami Latin American Claims (Re) Insurance Forum, hosted by QLDG and Kennedys CMK from June 11 to 14, 2018, brought together over 185 key international and Latin American insurance industry experts to discuss top claims issues, trends, and developments in Latin America & the Caribbean. Countries have developed national strategies, created programs and made important investments to expand access to English learning opportunities. Latin America and the Caribbean countries. For a long time, undernutrition was prevalent in most South American countries, but in recent years overweight and obesity have overtaken undernutrition as a key nutritional issue. In the past reformers were opposed by supporters of import-replacing model and the dominant role of the state. Choose one of the areas below to find out more. Mortality began to decline due to technology/Medical advances 2 nd Stage: Birth rates remain high since large % of the population is rural/large families Most countries in Latin America and the Caribbean are struggling to escape what economists label "the middle income trap." The first of these is the educational performance, which shows that the Latin American continent has worse performance and achievements than other emerging regions such as Asia. Countries & Regions JICA pursues a coordinated, comprehensive approach to address the most pressing issues faced by each country and region. Brazil, Colombia, and Peru worked to process record numbers of Venezuelan asylum applications, and launched special visa programs for some new arrivals. Most people in the region speak Spanish or Portuguese, although French, English, Dutch, and Kreyol are also spoken in parts of the Caribbean, Central America, and … Migration surged throughout South America in 2017, challenging governments to keep up with inflows. In Latin America, advocating for environmental rights is more critical than ever. Indigenous peoples account for at least half of the population in countries such as Bolivia, Guatemala , and Peru . During the first decade of the 21st century, ... CENTRAL EDUCATION ISSUES IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN - Regional … There Latin American countries were perceived by the US to have established radical regimes which meant regimes that sought to implement policies that were in the interest of the common people and diminished or eliminated the interests of the US companies in the economies of their respective countries. 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