The government's move to import yellow maize duty free specifically for animal feed production is expected to ease pressure on white maize. Small scale production dominates maize production since about 80% of maize … A single person in Kenya consumes 5 kg of maize every month. The first step to Babu’s profitable maize farming as advised by CropNuts was to conduct a soil test – which gave an analysis of what the soil lacked and what inputs were needed to correct and improve the soil. thanks in advance. Suitable growing areas: Mt. The Warehouse Receipt System; Will it Solve Farmer Problems? Your email address will not be published. Good for green maize (remains green longer). Droops when dry (will not rot in heavy rains). Crop nutrition and maize yield. When sure that the variety can do well in your region. To achieve high maize yields, it is important to maximize the number of grains per cob and to increase the grain weight . Maize is an expensive crop to grow, costing around £300/acre, so getting it right and achieving good yields are important. Nearly all agricultural households in Kenya do plant maize. Before we start there… Use a teaspoonful of fertilizer at the base of each plant in a circular way or along the row 5cm away from the plants. to prevent the young fragile seedlings from being overwhelmed by the Maize was introduced to Kenya by Portuguese. Planting: Planting should be done early preferably two weeks before the rains stop. Every year, many farmers plant the wrong maize seed varieties, ending up with poor yields for lack of correct information. Make sure that the soil is moist before applying the fertilizer. A new high yielding maize seed variety developed by the Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (Kari) in the Agricultural Development Corporation (ADC) Farm has been launched in the country. Weeding . D. is raw material for oil industries. This year, for instance, the long rain season in Kenya that usually lasts for three months from March to May was barely a month long, according to the Meteorological Department. Maize is an important food crop in Eastern Africa. Has very strong stalk and does not fall easily (good standability). Depending on the rainfall levels, you might need to weed two or three times. A bumper maize crop is the product of proper use of crop nutrients. weeds. Flinty shape (not easily attacked by weevils). Kenya has taken a major step toward increasing its food and animal feed production, while reducing pesticide use, by planting genetically modified (GM) insect-resistant maize in open fields. Suitable growing areas: Western Kenya- Kakamega, Bungoma, Busia, Kisii, Nyanza Region- Homa Bay, Suba, Migori Rongo, Siaya, Bondo; South Rift- Tinderet, Nandi, Kericho, Bomet, Narok, Sotik, Trans-Mara; Central Province- Muranga, Kiambu, Kirinyaga; Eastern Province-Embu, Meru, Machakos, Kitui, Mwingi etc. Nitrogen … dried and stored to be sold in May the following year when the prices They also need 500 to 600 mm of rain­fall, well-dis­trib­uted throughout the grow­ing sea­son. Maize farming in Kenya is practised in Transzoia County, Uasin Gichu, Bungoma and parts of Rift Valley like Nakuru and Molo. Well fed cow More milk. Small scale producers mainly grow the crop for subsistence, retaining up to about 58 per cent of their total output for household consumption (Mbithi, 2000). security in Kenya is synonymous with self sufficiency in maize production (Nyoro et al, 2007). Maize planted in April is green and ready by mid-September. While some farmers prefer to sell the green maize, others Dryland varieties mature within 90-120 days. Suitable growing areas: Western Kenya- Kakamega, Bungoma, Busia, Kisii; Nyanza Region- Homa Bay, Suba, Migori Rongo, Siaya, Bondo, South Rift- Tinderet, Nandi, Kericho, Bomet, Narok, Sotik, Trans-Mara; Central Province- Muranga, Kiambu, Kirinyaga; Eastern Province-Embu, Meru, Machakos, Kitui, Mwingi etc. Soyabeans, groundnuts and sugar beans are suitable legumes … They come in different Before you try and new variety, if you had never grown it before, isolate a small portion of land and observe how it grows into full production. Has excellent husk cover (does not open ears, which causes rotting. Has a good husk cover (will not rot in heavy rains). Maize is reasonably tolerant to soil acidity, but if the soil is very acid, liming will improve the soil and enhance maize yields. Suitable growing areas: Trans Nzoia, Uasin Gishu, West Pokot, Keiyo, Marakwet, Laikipia, Nakuru, Kisii, Bungoma, Mt Elgon, Kiambu. A  farmer should do their research from the other farmers to know the kind that performs the best in the area. Clear all the weeds until the maize plant flowers –this avoid competition for nutrients. Droops (cob faces down) on maturity preventing grain rot. Resistant to Maize Streak Virus (MSV) and smut disease. Irrigated: SC 303, SC 403, SC 411, SC 513, SC 525, SC 506, SC 621, SC 647 Dry Land: H6213 can do well under high level management. Poke the top of the hill with your finger, creating a hole from 1 to 1 1/2 inches deep. Maize growing in Kenya and Tanzania. 》General Advice on Maize Crop Farming Maize is grown mainly as staple food in many parts of Sub Sahara.Its grown for consumption, livestock feeds and for earning money.Not much harvest is realized per Hectare in many parts of Africa, mainly due to lack of PROPER FARMING PRACTICE And lack of inputs. For those who want to reap higher profits from maize farming, the maize is Low tem­per­at­ures af­fect their flower­ing and seed form­a­tion. Persistent advertising and promotion of certain maize seed varieties by seed companies are partly to blame for the problem. Suitable growing areas: Western Kenya- Kakamega, Bungoma, Busia, Kisii, Nyanza Region- Homa Bay, Suba, Migori Rongo, Siaya, Bondo, South Rift- Tinderet, Nandi, Kericho, Bomet, Narok, Sotik, Trans-Mara, Central Province- Muranga, Kiambu, Kirinyaga, Eastern Province- Embu, Meru, Machakos, Kitui, and Mwingi. The most suitable varieties for these regions are; DH01, DH02, DH03, and DH04 (Kenya Seed Company). Does not lodge (fall due to wind and weight). Kenya. Flinty white grain (resists weevil damage) tightly packed. Elgon slopes, Trans-Nzoia, West Pokot, Uasin Gishu, Nandi, greater Kericho, Taita, Nyeri (upper parts), Laikipia, Lower Nyandarua. This avoids the risk of planting new varieties without the full knowledge of their performance. Others varieties include H513, H515, H516, H517, H518, H519, H520, H521, and H522. For pure stand of maize in Kenya the Ministry of Agriculture recommends spacing between rows of 75 cm and between individual plants 30 cm for all areas with adequate rainfall, resulting in a total plant population of 44,000 plants/ha. Yields 35-50 bags per acre (out yielding H614 D by 16.7%). With this latest development, Kenyan farmers are now closer to growing GM (Bt) maize on their farms. It is therefore important for farmers to buy seeds that can do well in their geographical regions. Planting: Planting should be done early preferably two weeks before the rains stop. Before adopting any new seed variety, it is important that farmers isolate a small portion of land, plant the variety and observe its characteristics. Land must be well tilled. There are different varieties that do well in different areas. The sunny weather is perfect since maize can rot and grow toxic molds when exposed to moisture. The clean the farm the healthier the maize plant. Kenya. (i) Variety: WH507 – Company: Western Seed Co. It is consumed by 78% people of Kenya which shows maize flour has a high demand there. Tolerant to MSV, leaf blight and leaf rust. A maize farm can be prepared using either conventional or Conservation Agriculture (CA) methods. Growth stage 1: four leaves completely unfolded. It is possible to obtain both fodder for dairy animals and grain for household use or sale from a single crop of maize. i) 75x30cm when planting one seed per hole. C. creates employment. ii) 75x60cm when planting 2 seeds per hole. Let us know in the comments section below. Farmers should, therefore, be very careful when choosing maize seed varieties to plant. How to plant maize. Soils and climate. Maize is susceptible to both drought and water- logging. Are you practicing maize farming in Kenya in 2020. Important maize planting tips: In order to get a good maize crop, farmers need to go by the following planting tips: Land preparation: The land to be used for planting should be prepared early enough. Mountain View Estate,Off Waiyaki Way,Hse No 268 P.O Box 27542- 00506. CGA is all about #Agripreneurship read one of our #CGAmembers #Successstories through the #CerealValueChainProject at #TharakaNithi #Partnerships Yields are negatively affected by late planting. According to research, at maturity, it is estimated that each maize plant will have consumed about 250 litres of water. Planting only when the rains have come will help the maize seeds to germinate and grow well. Timely planting at the onset of rains. Conservation Agriculture, includes spraying with recommended herbicides and crop residue management. Choose appropriate hybrids depending on the altitude of your area. Required fields are marked *, Maize farming in Kenya is the backbone of food security in this. In some cases it is grown on large plantations. Maize is dry and ready for harvesting in most parts of the country by December. The raw materials for this process are water and mineral nutrients (from the soil), and carbon dioxide (from the atmosphere). (v) Variety: 600–15A – Company: East African Seed. Striga-resistant varieties have been developed to overcome the problem. Do not pack the soil. The sunny weather is perfect since maize can rot and grow toxic molds when exposed to moisture. Below, we provide farmers with some of the new and alternative maize seed varieties: High altitude varieties – (Rainfall 1000 – 1500 mm, Altitude 1700 – 2300 m), (i) Variety: ADC 600-23A – Company: Agricultural Development Corporation (ADC). (ii) Variety: KH600-14E – Company: Freshco (improved H614D), (iii) Variety: KH 600-15A – Company: East African Seed. This will ultimately increase the profits realized from maize farming in Check if the variety is prone to lodging (falling due to wind) if the ears open early before maturity, which allows water and rotting, the yield and any other negative characteristic. Each and every year, farmers get poor harvests because they planted the wrong varieties in their regions. READ The farming philosophy of a top maize farmer. This has benefited most farmers especially the small scale maize farmers Maize growing in Kenya and Tanzania is important mainly because it . But … Maize that is planted early also benefits from nitrogen flush – this is a process where the newly planted maize benefits from nitrogen fixed into the soil from the atmosphere at the onset of the rains before it is lost through leaching. Figure 1.1. The soil test also gave recommendations on what fertilizers they needed to use. colors, sizes and shapes. One of the varieties that is Striga resistant is FRC 425R (FRESHCO) which produces 30-35 bags an acre. The ecological requirements of maize are that it does well in areas from the sea level of the altitude of 2000-2200m above the sea level. We give this advice to caution farmers against buying new seed varieties (which may not have the desired qualities) as may be claimed by seed companies or seed stockists. Slash weeds (if any) immediately after harvest to prevent them from producing seeds. Treated hybrid seeds from Kenya seeds is used. If you do not weed in time, they turn yellow and very weak. (ii) Variety: KH 500-33A – Company: Freshco. Through a balanced crop nutrition program, growers would be able to accomplish this. who depend on it for their livelihood. Striga resistant varieties: Some areas in medium altitude zones have Striga, a parasitic weed that chokes maize plants reducing their ability to produce maize. The crop can sur­vive drought or re­duced rain but yields will be low. Areas, where maize is grown on large-scale farms in Kenya, includes; Trans Nzoia, Uasin Gishu, and Nakuru. http://cga.co.ke/2020/12/08/smallholder-sorghum-farmers-earn-big-in-tharaka-nithi-county/, Farmers urged to join associations in proposed food crops regulations, Smallholder sorghum farmers earn big in Tharaka Nithi County, Smallholder Farmers Strengthen Food Security in Kitui County, Farming techniques increase income and crop production in Makueni County, CGA and CABI Partnership for the Management of Fall Armyworm (FAW) among Cereal Farmers. Thereafter, prepare holes in the same position as the previous season, and re-use these holes, with minor repairs, for your next crop. Spacing from hole to hole is 75cm. Weeding is done about a month after planting. With this latest development, Kenyan farmers are now closer to growing GM (Bt) maize on their farms. Low soil fertility, soil acidity, late land preparation and planting, poor weeding and even using the wrong planting methods can contribute to low maize yields. are at their highest. Suitable growing areas: Trans Nzoia, Uasin Gishu, West Pokot, Keiyo, Marakwet Laikipia, Nakuru, Kisii, Kiambu. Using the above strategies, it is possible to get extra forage to feed a 350kg cow for the length of feeding period shown below: *0.17ha is the average land size committed to maize in densely populated Kenyan Highlands and the yields are for short and long rain seasons. Manure ratio can be reduced while growing maize in zai pits in Kenya depending on soil quality, and use of artificial fertilizers. Farmers are advised to grow maize varieties that do well in their agro-ecological regions as shown in the map. The maize plant depends largely on nature to shape its growth, development and yield. Also what's is the best row and plant spacing for maize when you using a maize planter. Powerful typhoon lashes Philippines, killing at least 10, Two Jailed over Kenyan Westgate Mall Attack, How to Retrieve/ Get the KPLC Token Number, How to Instantly Increase you Mpesa Fuliza Limit, Tia Clinics Kenya for Hair Restoration and Non-Surgical Facelifts. (ii) Variety: WH505 – Company: Western Seed Co. (iii) Variety: KH 500-13A – Company: Freshco, (iv) Variety: WH 403 – Company: Western Seed. Have we left out a tip you feel needs to be added? EASEED Agronomist giving tips on how to grow Maize - YouTube Rains have started can not germinate well because the soil test also gave recommendations on what fertilizers needed... Farmers should, therefore, be very careful when choosing maize seed shows its consumption will increase even more 3! Profits realized from maize farming in Kenya is practised in Transzoia County, Uasin,. Unguja and Siaya expected to ease pressure on white maize to weed two or three times agricultural households in have... 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