This is the most important caddisfly family for anglers. Nevertheless, flavour additives provide many people with pleasurable food experiences. Fruit. [3] Although the inner bark of several other Cinnamomum species is also used to make cinnamon, cinnamon from C. verum is considered by culinarians to be of superior quality. Senburi is a Japanese member of the gentian family, and like the rest of the family, is a bitter tonic. CEYLON CINNAMON The common name of this plant in Spanish is Canela. Family Name: Lauraceae. Common Name: Cinnamon Scientific Name: Cinnamomum Zeylanicum Other Names: Cassia. Cassia is frequently sold as a type of cinnamon, but is actually a member of the pea family. A.T. Mbaveng, V. Kuete, in Medicinal Spices and Vegetables from Africa, 2017. All this work is done by hand by experienced workers; this is the most expensive part of producing cinnamon spice. The spice, consisting of the dried inner bark, is brown in colour and has a delicately fragrant aroma and a warm sweet flavour. The viscosity is medium to watery. Cinnamon is native to Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon), the neighbouring Malabar Coast of India , and Myanmar (Burma) and is … [4], The old botanical synonym for the tree, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, is derived from Sri Lanka's former name, Ceylon. The Cinamon family name was found in the USA, and the UK between 1840 and 1920. There are many types of cinnamon. Cinnamon and Cassia are the two oldest known spices of the genus Cinnamonum used by mankind and are the only commercially important ones. Fact Sheet 1 Fact Sheet 2 Chapter from “Thirty Plants That Can Save Your Life” Fact Sheet 1. Individuals vary greatly in their olfactory sensitivity and in their chemosensory and cultural backgrounds, with the result that the use of additional flavours in foods is highly idiosyncratic. Botanical Name: Cuminum Cyminum L. Family: Apiaceae . … The outer bark is removed, and made into mulch. Bark, powder and dried flowers from Cinnamomum verum plant, Pani Kurundu (පැණි කුරුඳු), Pat Kurundu (පත් කුරුඳු), Mapat Kurundu (මාපත් කුරුඳු), Ten Lavangapattai (தேன் இலவங்கப்பட்டை), Karamana lavangapattai (காரமான இலவங்கப்பட்டை), Taramana Lavangapattai (தரமான இலவங்கப்பட்டை), Juci Milakay Lavangapattai (ஜூசி மிளகாய் இலவங்கப்பட்டை), Vettappattatu Lavangapattai (வெட்டப்பட்டது இலவங்கப்பட்டை), Manyal Nira Lavangapattai (மஞ்சள் நிற இலவங்கப்பட்டை, Piris Lavangapattai (பீரிஸ் இலவங்கப்பட்டை), "Cinnamomum verum J.Presl — The Plant List", Cinnamomum verum Cinnamon, Ceylon Cinnamon Tree PFAF Plant Database, "True cinnamon is pricey, but is there an honest difference? Young leaves are red and mature to a deep green. Part Used: Bark. Cinnamon (Cinnamonum zeylanicum Blume) is the “true cinnamon” of commerce. Piper nigrum L…. Finally, the dried bark is cut into sticks or ground into powder for sale to consumers. It is believed that it is derived from cina , referring to China, which is where cinnamon was formerly imported; and amomos, which means cardamom , a plant of the ginger family, with a cinnamon-like odor. These quills are then dried over several days, in the shade, then in darkness. Ceylon cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum), grown primarily in Sri Lanka, is known as “true” cinnamon.Cassia cinnamon (Cinnamomum aromaticum), grown in southeastern Asia, is the most common type sold in North America.Used as a spice for thousands of years, cinnamon comes from the bark of various species of cinnamon trees. Cinnamon is used to flavour a variety of foods, from confections to curries to beverages, and is popular in bakery goods in many places. It can grow up to 20 m (66 ft) tall. Updates? The most Cinamon families were found in the USA in 1880. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class They are consumed as cooked starchy vegetables. Leaves and flower clusters of a cinnamon tree (. Scientific name: (Cinnamomum verum = Cinnamomum zeylanicum). Cinnamon is the name for a dozen of species of trees and the commercial spice products that some of them produce, belonging to the genus Cinnamomum in the family Lauraceae. In a word: All-in-one Pharmacy Plant. This was 100% of all the recorded Cinamon's in the USA. Cinnamomum verum,[2] called true cinnamon tree or Ceylon cinnamon tree, is a small evergreen tree belonging to the family Lauraceae, native to Sri Lanka. A very important ingredient of curry and curry powder. Cinnamon contains 0.5 to 1 percent essential oil, the principal component of which is cinnamic aldehyde. In 1840 there was 1 Cinamon family living in New York. Cinnamon, (Cinnamomum verum), also called Ceylon cinnamon, bushy evergreen tree of the laurel family (Lauraceae) and the spice derived from its bark. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Administered to the recovering and the ailing, the plant is said to stoke the fires of life. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Cinnamon, (Cinnamomum verum), also called Ceylon cinnamon, bushy evergreen tree of the laurel family (Lauraceae) and the spice derived from its bark. Ixobrychus cinnamomeus. Traditionally, the bark or oil has been used to combat microorganisms, diarrhea, and other GI disorders, and dysmenorrhea, although there is limited data to support these uses. It is carminative, stimulant and is used in medicines as well. ( Gmelin, 1789) The cinnamon bittern or chestnut bittern ( Ixobrychus cinnamomeus) is a small Old World bittern, breeding in tropical and subtropical Asia from India east to China and Indonesia. Yam, any of several plant species of the genus Dioscorea, grown for their edible tubers. 1 Introduction. The peels are telescoped one into another, forming a quill about 107 cm (42 inches) long and filled with trimmings of the same quality bark to maintain a cylindrical shape. Finally, they are bleached with sulfur dioxide and sorted into grades. …production, and the taste of cinnamon increases peristalsis in the gut. Cinnamomum zeylanicumis the scientific name, which refers to the specific species of tree that cinnamon is harvested from. Native to Ceylon (Sri Lanka), true cinnamon, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, dates back in Chinese writings to 2800 B.C. The thick simple leaves have smooth margins and are usually oval; the veins are roughly parallel to each other. Bird’s Eye (Chilli) Capsicum Frute sence L. Solanaceae. The trees grow as leafy bushes, usually maxing out about 3 meters (10 ft) in height. ", "International trade in non-wood forest products: An overview", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cinnamomum_verum&oldid=968998765, Articles containing Sinhala-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 July 2020, at 19:46. Hydropsyche is the best-known and most important genus in the family but Cheumatopsyche has some significant hatches as well. The clan also branched to what is now Kinmouth in Banff, and to Kinmont in Annandale, whence they became associated with the Armstrongs of the Debateable Land. After four or five days of drying, the quills are rolled on a board to tighten the filling and then placed in subdued sunlight for further drying. They are first harvested at 3 years old, and continue producing well for 40-50 years. Family: Lauraceae. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. There are many other similar trees that belong to the same family, Lauraceae (Click hereto look at other organisms in this family). In processing, the shoots are first scraped with a semicircular blade and then rubbed with a brass rod to loosen the bark, which is split with a knife and peeled. Laurus cinnamomum L. Cinnamomum verum, called true cinnamon tree or Ceylon cinnamon tree, is a small evergreen tree belonging to the family Lauraceae, native to Sri Lanka. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! In 1840 there was 1 Cinnamon family living in New York. Omissions? The cinnamon tree grows in moist well-drained soils and rarely reaches more than 15 metres (49 feet) in height. Cinnamon is native to Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon), the neighbouring Malabar Coast of India, and Myanmar (Burma) and is also cultivated in South America and the West Indies. While part of the Cassia Cinnamon family it tends to be more pungent, less sweet and slightly bitter. Uses: 1. In medieval Europe it was used for religious rites and as a flavouring. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Overview of cinnamon, with a focus on its production in Sri Lanka. Scientific Name: Cinnamomum zeylanicum. The most Cinnamon families were found in the USA in 1880. Family: Osmundaceae – Royal Fern family Genus: Osmunda L. – osmunda Species: Osmunda cinnamomea L. – cinnamon fern In Egypt it was sought for embalming and religious practices. Cinnamon Origin and History . Etymology : The name of the genus Cinnamomum comes from the Greek “Kinnamomon”. Piperaceae. Description Cinnamon is an aromatic spice that comes from the bark of a Southeast Asian tree. Genus: Ixobrychus. In Japan it is used to stimulate digestion and general vitality. Cinnamomum verum (Ceylon cinnamon) and Cinnamomum aromaticum (Cassia cinnamon or Chinese cinnamon) are commonly used. Twigs, leaves & berries (seeds) are crushed and make cinnamon oil, a less valuable byproduct. You can see how Cinamon families moved over time by selecting different census years. Cinnamon is a popular spice in the United States and Europe, and it may have health benefits. There are hundreds of types of Cinnamon with only four them being used for commercial purposes. Later it was the most profitable spice in the Dutch East India Company trade. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Species: I. cinnamomeus. 2. Evidence is lacking to support the use of cinnamon in the management of diabetes… This was about 33% of all the recorded Cinnamon's in the USA. Scientific Name: Swertia Japonica. Long, full 'quills' of cinnamon are more valuable than broken pieces. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Cinnamon family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. History Cinnamon was one of the first trade spices of the ancient world. Small side branches (1.5-5 cm in diameter) are removed from the trees. Cinnamomum zeylanicumis a small, tropical, evergreen tree most noted for its bark, which provides the world with the commonly known spice, cinnamon. Cinnamomum verum trees are 10–15 metres (30–50 feet) tall. Most Chinese Cinnamon probably stays in China, used in many of the Chinese medications for coughs, phlegm and other illnesses. Yams are native to warmer regions of both hemispheres, and several species are cultivated as staple food crops in the tropics. The leaves are ovate-oblong in shape and 7–18 cm (3–7 inches) long. Cinnamon is used mainly as an aromatic condiment and flavouring additive in a wide variety of cuisines, sweet and savoury dishes, breakfast cereals, snackfoods, tea and traditional foods. Although the inner bark of several other Cinnamomum species is also used to make cinnamon, cinnamon from C. verum is considered by culinarians to be of superior quality. Vernacular name: Jira, Sanskrit— Ajaj, Ajajika, Telugu— Jilakarra . Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several trees from the genus Cinnamomum that is used in both sweet and savoury foods. [7], There are several different cultivars of Cinnamomum verum based on the taste of bark:[8]. Cinnamon. (cinnamon) is one of the species belonging to the Lauraceae (laurel family). Plant part used: Dried fruit & Seed. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/cinnamon, The World's Healthiest Foods - Cinnamon, ground, Healthline - 10 Evidence-Based Health Benefits of Cinnamon, National Center for Biotechnology Information - PubMed Central - Cinnamon: A Multifaceted Medicinal Plant. 3. Use it like you would traditional cinnamon. Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several tree species from the genus Cinnamomum. The small bisexual flowers are greenish to yellow and are borne in clusters. In…. Uses: Digestive, circulation, blood deficiencies, fever, pain killer, infection fighter. Cinnamomum tamala, Indian bay leaf, also known as tezpat, tezapatta, Malabar leaf, Indian bark, Indian cassia, or malabathrum, is a tree in the family Lauraceae that is native to India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, and China. Reaches more than 15 metres ( 30–50 feet ) in height & berries ( seeds ) crushed. 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